Guidelines: Percutaneous Vertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty


  1. Recent vertebral compression fractures due to osteoporosis, myeloma, metastasis and vertebral angioma with intractable pain with no neurological symptoms
  2. Painful chronic osteoporotic vertebral fractures showing non-union on the STIR sequence of MR imaging


  1. Coagulation disorders
  2. Unstable fractures
  3. Complete vertebral collapse ( Vertebra Plana )


Reviewed & Amended May 2011

© Copyright of the South African Spine Society

Home | Doctors | Members | Patients | Congress | Spine Library | Contact Us

Terms of Use Privacy Policy